Kingdom Law Change

On November 2nd, 2019, Their Royal Majesties read the following Kingdom Law changes into court. These updates will be set into motion following the publication in the MEWS. Please understand that these changes are being put into place to protect the populace and our guests.

The Kingdom Law has already been updated online – you can download a full PDF or peruse the article section tabs if you’d like here: https://calontir.org/current-calontir-kingdom-law/

Here are the updates to the laws that are being implemented for our Kingdom:

The old verbiage in Kingdom Law stated the following for section Article IX-100:

IX-100 THE ADVOCATE shall be responsible for representing the interests of those members of the populace who have questions or complaints concerning other offices at the local or Kingdom level, and shall be a source of information and advice for dealing with such complaints or general questions as needed. The Advocate shall be appointed directly by the Crown, with an expectant term of office of two years, and may be removed or replaced as the Crown deems necessary.

Previous Kingdom Law, most recently July 13th, 2019

The new verbiage of Article IX-100 now creates an Advocate Office, which will consist of three (3) individuals, who will be selected by the Crown:

IX-100 THE ADVOCATE OFFICE shall consist of three individuals chosen to reflect the diverse Populace of the Kingdom, and be responsible for representing the interests of those members of the Populace who have questions or complaints. The Advocates shall be a source of information and advice for dealing with such complaints or general questions.  The Advocates will work with Populace members, Royalty, and Kingdom Officers to bring resolution to issues as needed. The Advocates shall be appointed directly by the Crown, with a three year expectant term of office, replacing one member each year. A member of the Advocate Office may be removed or replaced as the Crown deems necessary, or as circumstances require.

Kingdom Law Updated: November 2nd, 2019


The second part of the changes comes in a complete replacement of Article XIV – Kingdom Courts:

Previous Kingdom Law - Article XIV - Kingdom Courts

XIV-100 There shall exist in Calontir three levels of formal complaint and reconciliation of
antagonistic parties. All three levels are intended to provide mechanisms for the resolution of
legitimate issues between concerned parties within the context of the Society. Issues which lie
outside the jurisdiction of the Society shall not be brought before the formal mechanisms
outlined below. None of these mechanisms shall be construed to place limitations upon the
Crown’s rights, duties, and privileges as outlined in Kingdom Law and Corpora. No Kingdom
Court has jurisdiction over a Crown. This right has been specially reserved by the Board to itself.

XIV-101 Each level of formal complaint and reconciliation shall be used before proceeding to
the next level. In all cases, all parties shall remember that each level of formal complaint and
reconciliation is not a substitute for the common codes of honor and chivalry which are at the
heart of the SCA, and all parties are encouraged to rely on these common codes of honor and
chivalry to resolve any dispute before involving the formal mechanisms initially, and before
proceeding to the next level.

XIV-102 At each level of formal complaint and reconciliation all parties who are delivering
evidence, whether as an antagonistic party or as a witness, are doing so upon their personal honor
as to the truth of their statements.

XIV-200 The first level of formal complaint and reconciliation shall be thoseinternal
administrative mechanisms established for each of the respective Kingdom Offices.

XIV-201 In any case where the complaint or issue crosses jurisdiction between Kingdom
Offices, is outside the jurisdiction of a specific office, or where it may involve a Kingdom
Officer, then the administrative mechanisms of the Advocate’s Office shall be used. Likewise,
any person who feels that he or she has not received satisfaction through the internal
administrative mechanisms for another Kingdom Office may turn to the Advocate’s Office for
consideration of their complaint.

XIV-202 In instances where the complaint involves the Advocate as a concerned party, the
deputy to the Advocate may fulfill the administrative mechanisms of that office. If this
alternative is unavailable or inappropriate, the Crown shall select another individual to fulfill this
role.

XIV-300 The second level of formal complaint and reconciliation within the Kingdom of
Calontir shall be the Court of Inquiry & Arbitration. The Court of Inquiry & Arbitration is
intended to provide an opportunity for fair arbitration between antagonistic parties and the
establishment of the facts of a complaint. A request for a Court of Inquiry & Arbitration must be
made in writing to the Advocate, specifying the reasons for the request, after the previous
mechanisms for reconciliation have been used and proven unsatisfactory to one or more of the
antagonistic parties. After receiving such a request, the Advocate shall inform the Crown of the
need to convene a Court of Inquiry & Arbitration.

XIV-301 The Advocate shall establish a date for the convening of the Court after consultation
with the Crown. The Court may only be convened within the Kingdom of Calontir, at an official
event published in the Kingdom Newsletter. The Advocate shall notify the antagonistic parties of
the convening of the Court in writing, by return receipt requested mail, a minimum of ten days
prior to the date of convening of the Court. Any of the antagonistic parties may appeal the
scheduled date directly to the Crown.
Failure of an antagonist to appear after such proper notification has been made may be
considered by the Judge or Panel of Judges to be a plea of "no contest” to the complaints
specified. If this occurs, the Judge or Panel of Judges may proceed with reaching a decision in
the matter.

XIV-302 The Crown may function as the Judge of the Court of Inquiry & Arbitration, or may
appoint a triumvirate Panel of Judges, as the Crown sees fit. The Judge or Panel of Judges shall
consider the merits of a complaint and offer resolution to the antagonistic parties. In the case
where a Panel of Judges sits, a simple majority vote shall constitute a decision of the Court in all
matters.

XIV-303 The Advocate shall sit as an assistant to the Court. The Judge or Panel of Judgesmay
select such other advisors or assistants as seem appropriate.

XIV-304 The Advocate shall appoint a scribe who shall keep an official record of the Court’s
proceedings and decisions. Copies of this official record shall be provided in a timely fashion to
the antagonistic parties, the Judge or Panel of Judges, and the Crown if the Crown does not sit as
Judge of the Court. This official record shall be kept by the Advocate as archival material for a
period of at least two years. Each antagonist has the right to file a formal written response to the
decision by the Court with the Advocate during this time, such a response then becoming a part
of the archival material. Said archival materials may be made available to other parties as
deemed necessary and appropriate by the Advocate in conjunction with the Kingdom Seneschal.

XIV-305 It is expected that the Court shall be convened for only a short period of time. To this
end, the antagonistic parties shall be asked at the outset of the Court if they can agree, in part or
in whole, to a list of stipulated facts in the matter as prepared by the Advocate.

XIV-306 Following this, each of the antagonistic parties shall briefly present their case,
including a summarization of the evidence and testimony to be given. Each antagonistic party
shall be responsible for gathering relevant information, including statements from witnesses.
Witnesses may be brought before the Court, and examined by the Judge or Panel of Judges.All
witnesses and evidence presented must be acceptable to the Judge or Panel of Judges, who may
choose to limit such presentations as the Judge or Panel of Judges sees fit.

XIV-307 At any point in the proceedings the Judge or Panel of Judges may ask such questions as
necessary to reach a decision. After the Judge or the Panel of Judges has heard the facts in the
matter, listened to the presentation of each of the antagonistic parties, and examined the
evidence, the Judge or Panel of Judges shall reach a decision in the matter, and offer a resolution
to the antagonistic parties. This decision and proposed resolution shall be made within 15 days of
the convening of the Court, except for unusual circumstances, defined by the Crown. The
antagonistic parties shall be notified in writing of the decision and proposed resolution, and
advised to accept this decision wholly, without reservation, and consider it in their best interests
and the best interests of the Kingdom for this to be an end to the matter.

XIV-400 The third and final level of formal complaint and reconciliation within the Kingdom of
Calontir shall be the Court of Chivalry. A Court of Chivalry is a court of last resort and will not
be called unless at least two members of the Witan (as defined in Kingdom Law, Article VII)
have been presented with a petition requesting such a Court following the decision of a Court of
Inquiry & Arbitration, and have signed that petition, thereby showing their agreement that a
Court of Chivalry serves the interest of the Kingdom and Society. Specifically, the petition shall
be initiated by one of the antagonistic parties involved in the Court of Inquiry & Arbitration,
except in those cases where the Crown or Kingdom Seneschal believes that a Court of Chivalry
is in the best interests of the Kingdom. In these exceptional cases, the Crown or Kingdom
Seneschal may initiate a Court of Chivalry in the name of the Kingdom.

In addition to the request for holding the Court of Chivalry, the petition shall name one
individual as the subject of the court, and specify a list of complaints against that person under
Kingdom or Society Law. It is suggested that such complaints be discussed in advance with the
Kingdom Seneschal for clarity.

XIV-401 Having received a petition initiating a Court of Chivalry, the Advocate shall inform the
Crown that a Court of Chivalry shall be convened. The Advocate is responsible for conveningall
Courts of Chivalry and is the officer in charge of the proceedings. All other duties not
specifically delegated by these articles to another person shall be the responsibility of the
Advocate.

XIV-402 If the Advocate is to be the subject of a Court of Chivalry, the Crown shall appoint a
Peer of the Realm, a Royal Peer, or a Great Officer as defined in Article VII of the Laws of
Calontir to assume all duties that would normally be the responsibility of the Advocate.

XIV-403 The Advocate shall notify the subject of the Court in writing, by return receipt
requested mail, that the Court is to be convened. This notification shall include thefollowing:
• A copy of Kingdom Law.
• The names of those who petitioned that the Court be convened.
• The formal list of complaints to be brought before the Court.
• An outline of the procedure for the hearing of the case.
• A copy of the archival material of the relevant Court of Inquiry &Arbitration.
• A list of four proposed dates and places at which the Court may be held. The Court mayonly
be convened within the Kingdom of Calontir, at an official event published in the Kingdom
Newsletter. The dates shall cover a span of not less than four weeks. The first date shall be
enough distant to allow notice of the impending Court to be published in the Kingdom
Newsletter at least two weeks before the Court convenes.

XIV-404 The subject of the Court shall choose one of the dates and places for the Court, and
shall notify the Advocate in writing, by return receipt requested mail, within two weeks of
receiving the Advocate’s original notification that a Court is to be convened. If none of the dates
are acceptable, the subject of the Court shall petition the Crown and the Advocate, in writing,
that another time and place be selected. Granting of the petition shall be at the discretion of the
Crown. If the subject does not respond within two weeks of receiving the Advocate’s original
notification, the Advocate shall select one of the proposed dates and places and shall notify the
subject in writing, by return receipt requested mail, that the Court will convene that date and in
that place, whether the subject is there or not.

Failure of the subject to appear after such proper notification has been made may be considered
by the Crown to be a plea of 'no contest' to the complaints specified. If this occurs, the Crown
may proceed with deciding upon a sentence, as the Crown sees fit.

XIV-405 All Courts of Chivalry shall be open to the public. The date and place of the Court shall
be published in the Kingdom Newsletter at least two weeks before the date of the Court.

XIV-406 Evidence in a Court of Chivalry shall be heard before a jury of not fewer than seven
Peers or other responsible persons selected by the Advocate from a list of candidates that shallbe
provided to the Advocate by the Crown. Said list shall have a minimum of 14 candidates. The
Advocate shall also select a minimum of three alternate jurors from the same list.

XIV-407 An uneven number of jurors shall be selected whenever possible.

XIV-408 The subject of the Court shall have the right to challenge any juror if cause can be
shown why the appointment of that juror may be prejudicial to the subject's interests.Approval
of the challenge is at the discretion of the Crown.

XIV-409 In no case may a person who is otherwise concerned in the case sit upon the jury.

XIV-410 If a Peer is to be tried, all of the jurors must be Peers of the Realm, Royal Peers, or
Great Officers.

XIV-411 The Kingdom Seneschal or the Kingdom Seneschal's representative, and any other
Kingdom Officer with relevant jurisdiction over the matters at issue, or that person’s
representative, shall be present at a Court of Chivalry to advise the Crown and the Advocate
pertaining to that Kingdom Officer’s area of jurisdiction.

XIV-412 The Crown shall usually preside over all Courts of Chivalry. If the Crown is not able to
preside, for whatever reason, then the Crown shall appoint a Peer or other responsible person to
preside over the Court in the Crown’s name. No person may preside over any case in which that
person is concerned. A Peer or other person designated by the Crown to preside over a Court of
Chivalry may not render sentence.

XIV-413 In the event that the proceedings of a Court of Chivalry extend through two reigns, the
person who was presiding over the Court at its inception shall continue to preside until final
judgment is rendered. In this case, the Court shall be considered unfinished business of the first
reign.

XIV-414 The subject of the Court may be represented and advised by such counsel as that
individual chooses. If the subject so requests, the Crown shall appoint a Peer acceptable to the
subject to aid in the defense.

XIV-415 The Advocate may appoint such other persons to serve the Court as the Advocate sees
fit.

XIV-416 Documentation for the Court of Chivalry shall include, but need not be limited to,
copies of all the relevant documents and records from the previous attempts to reach a
reconciliation between the subject and other party(ies).

XIV-417 The subject of a Court of Chivalry shall have the right to present evidence and call
witnesses in his or her favor and shall have the right to cross-examine all witnesses called.
Reasonable time limits may be imposed on all witnesses and periods of cross-examination by the
Advocate.

XIV-418 A complete record of the proceedings shall be made by whatever means is most
efficient and reliable. A copy of the record shall be made available to the subject following the
conclusion of the Court. The record may be made available to other parties as deemed necessary
and appropriate by the Advocate in conjunction with the Kingdom Seneschal.

XIV-419 Two judgments are rendered by a Court of Chivalry: a verdict and a sentence.
A. A verdict is the judgment of guilt, as is rendered by the jury of the Court. Verdict is the sole
prerogative of the jury. A verdict is final.
B. Because a Court of Chivalry may be required to review ethical issues (honor, intent, courtesy,
etc.) within the framework of the Society, the verdict may not always fall within the limits of
guilty/not guilty. Possible verdicts are guilty; guilty, but not as charged; guilty with reservations;
not guilty with reservations; innocent. The verdict shall be based on a 'preponderance of the
evidence' standard.
C. Sentence is a determination of punishment for a subject upon whom a verdict has been
reached. Sentence is the sole prerogative of the Crown. Although the Crown may request the
recommendation and opinion of the jury in determining sentence, the Crown is not bound by the
jury’s recommendations. Sentences of Banishment from the Society and Degradations of Peerage shall be presented in the form of a formal request from the Crown to the Board of Directors,
which is the only body authorized to approve and implement those sentences.

XIV-420 The verdict and the sentence of the Court shall be published in the Kingdom Newsletter
as soon as possible after the Court adjourns.

XIV-421 The sentence of a Court of Chivalry may be appealed to the Board of Directors as
provided for in the Corpora of the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc.

The new verbiage is as follows:

Kingdom Law Update - Article XIV - Kingdom Courts - November 2nd, 2019

Article XIV: Kingdom Courts - Updated November 2nd, 2019

XIV.100 There shall exist in Calontir three levels of formal complaint and reconciliation between antagonistic parties. All three levels are intended to provide mechanisms for the resolution of legitimate issues between concerned parties within the context of the Society. Issues which lie outside the jurisdiction of the Society shall not be brought before the formal mechanisms outlined below. None of these mechanisms shall be construed to place limitations upon the Crown’s rights, duties, and privileges as outlined in Kingdom Law and Corpora. No Kingdom Court has jurisdiction over a Crown. This right has been specially reserved by the Board to itself.

XIV-101 Each level of formal complaint and reconciliation shall be used before proceeding to the next level. In all cases, all parties shall remember that each level of formal complaint and reconciliation is not a substitute for the common codes of honor and chivalry which are at the heart of the SCA, and all parties are encouraged to rely on these common codes of honor and chivalry to resolve any dispute before involving the formal mechanisms initially, and before proceeding to the next level.

XIV-102 At each level of formal complaint and reconciliation all parties who are delivering evidence, whether as an antagonistic party or as a witness, are doing so upon their personal honor as to the truth of their statements.

XIV-200 The first level of formal complaint and reconciliation within the Kingdom of Calontir shall be the Court of Inquiry. A Court of Inquiry will be used when a complaint has been made that cannot be resolved by the existing offices within the Kingdom. Upon receiving a complaint, the Advocate Office shall determine who among them will conduct the Inquiry, and communicate with the Kingdom Seneschal, Crown and Complainant as to how the Advocate Office will proceed, within a reasonable length of time from receipt of the complaint.

XIV-201 When conducting interviews, at least two members of the Kingdom Advocate Office, or One Advocate and at least one Witan member, shall meet with all parties named in the complaint and discuss the complaint or issue at hand. In the case of sensitive allegations involving alleged victims, it will not be required for the victims to face the alleged perpetrator. Interviews and meetings can be conducted separately by the Advocate Office.

XIV-202 One or more of the Advocates will act as secretary and take notes on the proceedings, a copy of which shall be provided to the interviewee. Written accounts and statements from the parties shall also be collected.

XIV-203 These notes, statements, and any decisions shall be put into a report and copies provided to the Kingdom Seneschal and Crown. If an understanding has been reached and all parties are satisfied, the matter will be considered closed. If an understanding cannot be reached, the Advocate Office must notify the Kingdom Seneschal and Crown. At that time a decision may be made to elevate the issue to a Court of Arbitration, or in extreme cases directly to a Court of Chivalry.

XIV-204 If credible, substantive allegations are revealed during the Court of Inquiry, The Advocate Office must report the facts of the matter to the Crown and Kingdom Seneschal who may choose to proceed with Sanctions per Corpora, thereby forgoing escalation in the Courts of Calontir. All reports shall be kept by the Advocate Office, in paper or digital form.

XIV-300 The second level of formal complaint and reconciliation within the Kingdom of Calontir shall be the Court of Arbitration. The Court of Arbitration is intended to provide an opportunity for fair arbitration between antagonistic parties. A request for a Court of Arbitration must be made in writing, by the Advocate office or complainant, specifying the reasons for the request, after the previous mechanisms for reconciliation have been used and proven unsatisfactory to one or more of the antagonistic parties. After receiving such a request, the Advocate Office shall inform the Crown of the need to convene a Court of Arbitration.

XIV-301 The Advocate Office shall establish a date for the Court of Arbitration after consultation with the Crown. The Court may only be convened within the Kingdom of Calontir, at an official event published in the Kingdom Newsletter. The Advocate Office shall notify the antagonistic parties of the convening of the Court in writing, by return receipt requested mail, a minimum of ten days prior to the date of convening of the Court.

XIV-302 Any of the antagonistic parties may appeal the scheduled date directly to the Crown. Failure of an
antagonistic party to appear after such proper notification has been made may be considered by the Judge or Panel of Judges to be a plea of “no contest” to the complaints specified. If this occurs, the Judge or Panel of Judges may proceed with a decision in the matter.

XIV-303 The Crown may function as the Judge of the Court of Arbitration, or may appoint a triumvirate Panel of Judges, as the Crown sees fit. The Judge or Panel of Judges shall consider the merits of a complaint and offer resolution to the antagonistic parties. In the case where a Panel of Judges sits, a simple majority vote shall constitute a decision of the Court in all matters.

XIV-304 The Advocate Office shall act as assistants to the Court. The Judge or Panel of Judges may select such other advisors or assistants as appropriate. It is expected that the Court shall be convened for only a short period of time. To this end, the antagonistic parties shall be asked at the outset of the Court if they can agree, in part or in whole, to a list of stipulated facts in the matter as prepared by the Advocate Office.

XIV-305 The Advocate Office shall appoint a scribe who shall keep an official record of the Court’s proceedings and decisions. Copies of this official record shall be provided in a timely fashion to the antagonistic parties, the Judge or Panel of Judges, and the Crown. This official record shall be kept by the Advocate Office as archival material. Each antagonist has the right to file a formal written response to the decision by the Court with the Advocate Office such a response then becoming a part of the archival material. Said archival materials may be made available to other parties as deemed necessary and appropriate by the Advocate Office in conjunction with the Kingdom Seneschal.

XIV-306 During the Court of Arbitration, each antagonistic party shall briefly present their case, including a summary of the evidence and testimony to be given. Each antagonistic party shall be responsible for gathering relevant information, including statements from witnesses. Witnesses may be brought before the Court, and examined by the Judge or Panel of Judges. All witnesses and evidence presented must be acceptable to the Judge or Panel of Judges, who may choose to limit such presentations as the Judge or Panel of Judges sees
fit.

XIV-307 At any point in the proceedings the Judge or Panel of Judges may ask such questions as necessary to reach a decision. After the Judge or the Panel of Judges has heard the facts in the matter, listened to the presentation of each of the antagonistic parties, and examined the evidence, the Judge or Panel of Judges shall reach a decision in the matter, and offer a resolution to the antagonistic parties. This decision and proposed resolution shall be made within 15 days of the convening of the Court, except for unusual circumstances, defined by the Crown. The antagonistic parties shall be notified in writing of the decision and proposed resolution, and advised to accept this decision wholly, without reservation, and consider it in their best interests and the best interests of the Kingdom for this to be an end to the matter.

XIV-400 The third and final level of formal complaint and reconciliation within the Kingdom of Calontir shall be the Court of Chivalry. A Court of Chivalry is a court of last resort and will not be called unless at least two members of the Witan (as defined in Kingdom Law, Article VII) have been presented with a petition requesting such a Court following the decision of a Court of Arbitration, and have signed that petition, thereby showing their agreement that a Court of Chivalry serves the interest of the Kingdom and Society.
Specifically, the petition shall be initiated by one of the antagonistic parties involved in the Court of Arbitration, except in those cases where the Crown or Kingdom Seneschal believes that a Court of Chivalry is in the best interests of the Kingdom. In these exceptional cases, the Crown or Kingdom Seneschal may initiate a Court of Chivalry in the name of the Kingdom, without going through the lower level Courts. In addition to the request for holding the Court of Chivalry, the petition shall name one individual as the subject of the court, and specify a list of complaints against that person under Kingdom or Society Law. Such complaints should be discussed in advance with the Kingdom Seneschal for clarity.

XIV-401 Having received a petition initiating a Court of Chivalry, the Advocate Office shall inform the Crown that a Court of Chivalry shall be convened. The Advocate Office is responsible for convening all Courts of Chivalry and shall be in charge of the proceedings. All other duties not specifically delegated by these articles to another person shall be the responsibility of the Advocate Office.

XIV-402 If a member of the Advocate Office is to be the subject of a Court of Chivalry, the Crown may appoint a Peer of the Realm, a Royal Peer, or a Great Officer as defined in Article VII of the Laws of Calontir to assume all duties that would normally be the responsibility of the Advocate, if the remaining members of the Advocate Office cannot serve their role for any reason.

XIV-403 The Advocate Office shall notify the subject of the Court in writing, by return receipt requested mail or official email with read-receipt, that the Court is to be convened. This notification shall include the following:

  • Relevant Calontir Kingdom Law or Corpora.
  • The names of those who petitioned that the Court be convened.
  • The formal list of complaints to be brought before the Court.
  • An outline of the procedure for the hearing of the case.
  • A copy of the archival material of the relevant Court of Inquiry or Court of Arbitration if applicable.
  • A list of four proposed dates and places at which the Court may be held.
  • The Court may only be convened within the Kingdom of Calontir, at an official event published in the Kingdom Newsletter. The dates shall cover a span of not less than four weeks. The first date shall be enough distant to allow notice of the impending Court to be published in Official Kingdom Communications at least two weeks before the Court convenes.

XIV-404 The subject of the Court shall choose one of the dates and places for the Court, and shall notify the Advocate Office in writing through official Kingdom Communications, within two weeks of receiving the Advocate’s original notification that a Court is to be convened.

If none of the dates are acceptable, the subject of the Court shall petition the Crown and the Advocate, in writing, that another time and place be selected. Granting of the petition shall be at the discretion of the Crown.

If the subject does not respond within two weeks of receiving the Advocate’s original notification, the Advocate shall select one of the proposed dates and places and shall notify the subject in writing, by return receipt requested mail or official Kingdom Communications, that the Court will convene that date and in that place, whether the subject is there or not.

Failure of the subject to appear after such proper notification has been made may be considered by the Crown to be a plea of ‘no contest’ to the complaints specified. If this occurs, the Crown may proceed with deciding upon a sentence, as the Crown sees fit.

XIV-405 All Courts of Chivalry shall be open to the public. The date and place of the Court shall be published in Official Kingdom Communications at least two weeks before the date of the Court.

XIV-406 Evidence in a Court of Chivalry shall be heard before a jury of not fewer than seven Peers or other responsible persons selected by the Advocate Office from a list of candidates that shall be provided by the Crown.

Said list shall have a minimum of 14 candidates. The Advocate shall also select a minimum of three alternate jurors from the same list.

XIV-407 An uneven number of jurors shall be selected whenever possible.

XIV-408 The subject of the Court shall have the right to challenge any juror if cause can be shown why the appointment of that juror may be prejudicial to the subject’s interests. Approval of the challenge is at the discretion of the Crown.

XIV-409 In no case may a person who is otherwise concerned in the case sit upon the jury.

XIV-410 If a Peer is to be tried, all of the jurors must be Peers of the Realm, Royal Peers, or Great Officers.

XIV-411 The Crown shall usually preside over all Courts of Chivalry. If the Crown is not able to preside, for whatever reason, then the Crown shall appoint Their Heirs, a Peer or other responsible person to preside over the Court in the Crown’s name.

No person may preside over any case in which that person is concerned.

A person designated by the Crown to preside over a Court of Chivalry may not render sentence.

In the event that the proceedings of a Court of Chivalry extend through two reigns, the person(s) presiding over the Court at its inception shall continue to preside until final judgment is rendered. – In this case, the Court shall be considered unfinished business of the first reign.

The subject of the Court may be represented and advised by such counsel as that individual chooses. If the subject so requests, the Crown shall appoint a Peer acceptable to the subject to aid in the defense.

The Advocate Office may appoint such other persons to serve the Court as they see fit.

Documentation for the Court of Chivalry shall include, but need not be limited to:Copies of all the relevant documents and records from the previous attempts to reach a reconciliation between the subject and other party(ies).

The subject of a Court of Chivalry shall have the right to present evidence and call witnesses in their favor and shall have the right to cross-examine all witnesses called.

Reasonable time limits may be imposed on all witnesses and periods of cross-examination by the Advocate Office.

A complete record of the proceedings shall be made by whatever means is most efficient and reliable.

A copy of the record shall be made available to the subject following the conclusion of the Court.

The record may be made available to other parties as deemed necessary and appropriate by the Advocate Office in conjunction with the Kingdom Seneschal.

XIV-412 Two judgments are rendered by a Court of Chivalry: a verdict and a sentence.

A. A verdict is the judgment of guilt, as is rendered by the jury of the Court. Verdict is the sole prerogative of the jury. A verdict is final.

B. Because a Court of Chivalry may be required to review ethical issues (honor, intent, courtesy, etc.) within the framework of the Society, the verdict may not always fall within the limits of guilty/not guilty. Possible verdicts are guilty; guilty, but not as charged; guilty with reservations; not guilty with reservations; innocent. The verdict shall be based on a ‘preponderance of the evidence’ standard.

XIV-413 Sentence is a determination of punishment for a subject upon whom a verdict has been reached. Sentence is the sole prerogative of the Crown.

Although the Crown may request the recommendation and opinion of the jury in determining sentence, the Crown is not bound by the jury’s recommendations.

Sentences of Banishment from the Society and Degradations of Peerage shall be presented in the form of a formal request from the Crown to the Board of Directors, which is the only body authorized to approve and implement those sentences.

The verdict and the sentence of the Court shall be published in Official Kingdom Communications as soon as possible after the Court adjourns.

The sentence of a Court of Chivalry may be appealed to the Board of Directors as provided for in Corpora.

If you have questions or commentary, please e-mail Their Royal Majesties and the Kingdom Seneschal at the following addresses: falcon-crown@calontir.org and seneschal@calontir.org.